Your best option for breast reconstructive surgery is highly dependent upon your own body and specific needs. During your consultation with your plastic surgeon, discuss the options that are best suited to you. The goal of the procedure is to help cancer survivors with mastectomies complete the healing process by restoring an emotional sense of wholeness, and a psychological and physical sense of feeling complete.
There are 3 types of breast reconstruction:
1 – Implant-Based Reconstruction Options
This type of breast reconstruction involves the restoration of the breast using an artificial breast implant. Breast implants are specially shaped silicon bags that can contain either saline (salt water) or silicon gel. This type of procedure can be done in immediate and delayed reconstruction
2 – Combination of Implant and Autologous Tissue Reconstruction
With this combination option, tissue from the back (the latissimus dorsi muscle), along with an implant, is used to reconstruct the breast.
3 – Autologous Tissue Breast Reconstruction
This is the construction of your new breast using your body’s own fat instead of an artificial implant. The tissue may come from your abdomen, buttock or thighs and consists of only fat and skin without the need to sacrifice important muscles. These leading-edge procedures are becoming the benchmark of breast reconstruction in the United States and have been performed in Europe for many years with excellent results. Over the years, the procedures have been refined to provide patients with a more natural result. Procedures include Latissimus Dorsi Flap, Extended Latissimus Dorsi Flap, Muscle-sparing Latissimus Dorsi Flap, Thoracodorsal Artery Flap, Periumbilical Peforator Flap, Muscle-Sparing TRAM Flap, Transverse Upper Cracilisi Flap, and the IGAP and SGAP Flaps.